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HomeDiseases and TreatmentHarniya Kya Hota Hai?

Harniya Kya Hota Hai?

Harniya ek aisi samasya hai jismein shareer ke kisi hisse mein ek choti si swelling banti hai jismein muscle ya fat tissues bahar nikal jaate hain. Yeh swelling “hernia” kehlati hai English mein.

Iske bohot saare types hote hain jaise:

  1. Inguinal Hernia – Yeh swelling jo pait ke neeche groin area mein hoti hai
  2. Hiatal Hernia – Jab stomach ka upper hissa chest cavity ke andar chala jaata hai
  3. Umbilical Hernia – Jab naabhi ke area mein swellling hoti hai
  4. Femoral Hernia – Yeh pait ke neeche groin ke thode door swelling hoti hai
  5. Incisional Hernia – Jab kisi operation ke bad woh kaat ke jaga kamzor ho jaati hai aur swelling aa jaati hai

Harniya Kaise Hoti Hai?

  • Harniya kabhi janamjat bhi hoti hai kuch logon ko
  • Zyada weight uthane ya khansi se chest pe pressure aane se bhi ho sakti hai
  • Kisi injury ke karan muscle tissue damage hone par
  • Pregnancy ke time baby ke weight se
  • Appendix, intestine mein infection hone par
  • Boht zyada motapa ya pet mein gas ki wajeh se
  • 50-60 saal ke logon mein aam hai

Harniya Ke Lakshan

  • Localized swelling dikhna affected area mein
  • Pain feel hota hai kabhi kabhi
  • Cough aur sneeze karne se swelling aur badh jaati hai
  • Physical activity karne se discomfort rehta
  • Vomiting, constipation, acidity jaise digestion issues
  • Groin area mein heaviness feel hoti hai

Harniya Ke Types aur Unke Lakshan

Inguinal Hernia Symptoms

  • Groin ya scrotum mein bump hota hai jo cough karte waqt bada ho jaata hai
  • Kabhi sujan si aa jaati hai area mein
  • Thoda sa dard reh sakta hai

Femoral Hernia Symptoms

  • Neeche hips ke thode upar swelling aa jaati hai
  • Ye zyada aurton mein hoti hai
  • Pain, heaviness aur cramping hosakti hai isme

Umblical Hernia Symptoms

  • Beech naabi ke niche swelling hai
  • Kisi cheez uthane ya khansi se badh jaati hai wo
  • Bachchon mein aam hoti hai
  • Kai baar khud hi thik ho jaati hai

Hiatal Hernia Symptoms

  • Kabhi kabhi to koi lakshan bhi na ho
  • Difficulty swallowing hota hai
  • Food wapis aa jaata hai khaane ke baad
  • Shoulder ya chest mein dard feel hota hai

Incisional Hernia Symptoms

  • Operation huyi jagah par swelling hoti hai
  • Jab recent surgery huyi ho to dikh sakti hai
  • Pain, discomfort aur laalima rehti hai

Harniya Diagnosis Aur Treatment

Online-Consultation-App-for-Ayurvedic-Doctors

Agar aapko lagta hai ki harniya hai to doctor ke paas jaake checkup zaroor karwaiye. Wo aapko physical exam karenge aur signs dekhenge ki kya swelling hai. Scan karwa sakte hain confirm karne ke lie.

Harniya Ka Ilaaj

  • Chote hernia khud theek bhi ho jaate hain araam aur medication se
  • Lekin agar dard zyada ya phail rahi ho to surgery hi ek option hoti hai
  • Hernia repair surgery karte hain jisme swollen tissues ko wapas andar daal dete hain aur muscle wall ko tight kar dete hain
  • Operation ke baad kuch mahino tak rest karna padta hai
  • Waqt par surgery naa karwane par hernia strangulated ho sakti hai jo bhut khatarnak hota hai

Harniya Se Kaise Bacha Jaaye

  • Apna weight maintain rakhein
  • Khana healthy rakhein aur pet saaf rakhein
  • Waist belt laga lena chahiye support ke liye heavy weight uthate waqt
  • Araam karne ka time nikaale din mein
  • Cough aur constipation jaise problems ke liye treatment zaruri hai

Key Takeaways:

  • Groin area ya stomach mein jo swelling hoti hai use hernia kehte hain
  • Kaafi logo mein janamjat hoti hai ye samasya
  • Coughing, lifting weights se ho sakti hai sahamuli
  • Diagnosis ke liye doctor ki jaanch zaruri hai
  • Chote hernia apne aap thik ho jaate hain
  • Bade wale hernia ke liye surgery karni padti hai
  • Pregnancy mein umbilical hernia common hoti hai

FAQs on Harniya

  1. Harniya Kitne Prakar Ki Hoti Hai?

Harniya ke bohot type hote hain jaise inguinal, umbilical, hiatal wagerah. Inme se kisi bhi jagah yeh swelling ho sakti hai jaise chest, pet, pait ke neeche.

  1. Kaun Kaun si Umar Mein Harniya Jyada Hoti Hai?

50-60 saal ke buzurg log aur bacche jaise minor umar ke logon mein hernia zyada dekhi jaati hai. Ye kabhi kabhi janamjat ho sakti hai hi bacchon mein.

  1. Kya Harniya Chhote Bacchon Mein Bhi Ho Sakti Hai?

Haan bilkul, minor bacchon mein, jaise 1-2 saal ke mein bhi hernia aa sakta hai. Kuch congenital bhi hoti hain matlab genetic issues ki wajah se.

  1. Harniya Kitna Khatarnak Hai?

Agar harniya choti si hai aur dard nahi ho raha, to wo khud thik bhi ho sakta hai. Lekin agar wo phail rahi ho ya strangulated ho rahi ho yaani ragad ke suffer ho rahi ho to that bohot dangerous ho sakta hai. Fauran doctor ko dikhana hoga.

  1. Kya Garbhwati Ladkiyon Ko Bhi Harniya Ho Sakti Hai?

Haan pregnancy mein aurton ko umbilical hernia ka khatra rehta hai kyunki unke pet mein baby ka bojh hota hai aur pressure rehta hai. Agar ye phail jaaye to risk bohot badh jaata hai mumma aur baby dono ke liye.

  1. Kya Operation Zaruri Hota Hai Har Hernia Ke Liye?

Nahi har hernia ke liye turant operation ki zarurat nahin hoti. Choti moti hernia to ghar par hi rest aur kuch ilaaj se sahi ho jaati hain. Sirf jab wo badi ho rahi ho ya symptoms zyada ho to surgery sochni chahiye.

  1. Kya Laparoscopic Hernia Surgery Safe Aur Behtar Hai?

Laparoscopic hernia repair surgery ko minimum invasive surgery kehte hain kyunki isme chote chote cuts kiye jaate hain instruments dalne ke liye. Isme recovery time kam padta aur wounds bhi chote hote hai. Haan ye zyada safe aur behtar option hai.

  1. Hernia Ke Operation Ke Baad Kitna Bed Rest Karna Padta Hai?

Aksar logon ko doctor 2-3 haftoin tak bed rest ya minimum activity ke liye bolte hain. Kyunki stitches pighalne tak ya muscle heal hone tak koi zor kaam nahi karna hota. Light exercise shuru kar 6-8 hafte baad hi kar sakte hain.

  1. Kaise Pata Lagau Ki Mere Ko Hernia Hai?

Agar aapko kisi bhi area mein thodi bahut swelling lag rahi hai jo waqt waqt par badh bhi rahi hai, saath mein dard ya discomfort hai, to hernia ho sakti hai. Doctor ke paas jaakar confirm karwa lena chahiye scan ya tests karke.

  1. Kya Hernia Wapas Nahi Aa Sakti Operation Ke Baad?

Majority logon mein to hernia dobara nahi aati agar unhone surgery proper way se karwayi ho. Lekin kabhi kabhi overweight logon mein ya fir galat lift technique use karne se dobara aa sakti hai. Isliye diet acchi aur active lifestyle jaroori hai.

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