A condom is a small protective rubber cover that is worn on the penis during sex. It provides protection against pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases like HIV/AIDS.
Condoms also contain spermicides that kill sperm cells and prevent conception. When used correctly, kondam are 98% effective at preventing pregnancy.
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What Do Condoms Look Like?
Condoms are made of rubber and look like small balloons. One end is open so that it can be rolled onto the penis. The other end is closed. Condoms are coated with lubrication on the outside for comfort during use. They are thin and smooth.
Often condoms have dots, ribs or other textures for extra stimulation. Special condoms with different textures are also available for specific purposes. Flavoured condoms come in chocolate, strawberry etc flavors.
What Are Condoms Made Of?
Kondoms are usually made from latex which is a rubbery material. Latex provides elasticity that allows the condom to fit well. For those allergic to latex, polyurethane or lambskin condoms are available.
How Do Condoms Work?
When a kondam is properly worn on the penis, it prevents sperm cells from exiting. This way no sperm enters the woman’s body, and she cannot get pregnant.
The lubricant on the condom reduces friction and has sex comfortable. Spermicides present inside the kondam kill sperm.
So when used correctly, condoms prevent both pregnancy and STDs. This makes them a highly effective method for safe sex.
History of Condoms
- In 1844, Charles Goodyear invented the vulcanization process that gave rubber elasticity.
- Rubber condoms came into the market in 1855 but were not widely adopted.
- Latex condoms were introduced in the 1920s and started gaining popularity.
- In the 1930s companies improved kondam by adding lubrication and reservoir end.
- Condom use increased in the 1980s after the HIV epidemic for safe sex.
- Now condoms have extra features like textures, shapes, flavors for better experience.
What Are the Different Types of Condoms Available?
- Regular condoms – Most common type, made of smooth thin rubber.
- Ribbed condoms – Have ribs for extra stimulation.
- Dotted condoms – Have raised dots for increased pleasure.
- Flavored condoms – Come in strawberry, chocolate etc flavors mainly for oral sex.
- Extra thin condoms – Made very thin for more sensitivity.
- Extra thick condoms – More sturdy and long lasting.
- Lambskin condoms – Made from sheep intestine for natural feel but no STD protection.
- Female condoms – For vaginal use by women.
How to Use a kondam Correctly?
Correct condom use is important for effectiveness:
- Always use a new condom. Expired or damaged condoms are risky.
- Roll condom properly to ensure good fit.
- Use only water-based lubricants on condoms, not oil-based.
- Withdraw while penis is still erect else condom may slip off.
- Use a new condom every time. Never reuse condoms.
- Always use condoms for safety – pull out method is not safe.
Benefits of Using Condoms
- Prevent pregnancy – 98% effective with perfect use
- Protection from HIV/AIDS and STDs
- No side effects, easily available and easy to use
- Enhanced satisfaction and comfort for both partners
- Extra protection for oral and anal sex
- Helps control premature ejaculation
How to Choose the Right Condom Size?
Condoms are sized according to penis length and girth for a comfortable fit:
- Small – Length 4.3 inches, Width 1.7 inches
- Medium – Length 5.3 inches, Width 1.7 inches
- Large – Length 6.2 inches, Width 2 inches
- Extra Large – Length 7 inches, Width 2.4 inches
Measure and choose the right size to avoid slippage or tear. Using a larger size is important.
Disadvantages of Condoms
- Risk of pregnancy or STDs if not used properly
- Some people are allergic to latex
- Can reduce pleasure
- May be forgotten in influence of alcohol or drugs
- Occasional slippage or tear
Are Flavored Condoms Safe for Oral Sex?
Yes, flavored condoms can also be used for oral sex. They come in flavors like strawberry, chocolate, banana etc for a better oral experience.
However, the sugars in the flavors can cause infections in the vagina or penis. So flavored kondam should be removed immediately after oral and a regular condom used for penetration.
Does Using 2 Condoms Provide Double Protection?
No, using 2 condoms together does not offer any extra protection. It increases friction and chances of tearing as the rubbers rub against each other leading to higher risk of condom breakage.
Instead of double bagging, use a new single condom every time you penetrate. Using 2 condoms has no added benefits and only increases risks.
What is a Female Condom?
A female condom, also called an internal condom, is a kondam designed for use by women. It is inserted into the vagina before sex. It is also made of thin polyurethane or nitrile rubber.
The female condom has 2 rings – one remains inside the vaginal opening and the other remains outside covering the vulva. It protects against both pregnancy and STDs.
How Safe Is Sex Without a Condom?
Having sex without a condom is not safe at all. The risks of pregnancy and STDs are very high as there is no protection.
Even the pull out method before ejaculation is not 100% effective. Some semen always leaks out before which can lead to pregnancy. So always use condoms to be safe.
How Effective Are Condoms Against HIV?
When used properly, condoms provide up to 98% protection against HIV and AIDS. This means if 100 people use kondam , only 2 may get the infection.
So, using condoms is crucial even for HIV positive individuals to prevent spread of the infection. kondam also protect partners who are HIV negative.
Can You Use an Expired Condom?
No, you should never use an expired condom. After expiry, the rubber weakens which increases the chance of the condom tearing or getting damaged during sex.
This greatly raises the risk of pregnancy and STDs. Always check the expiry date before use. If expired, use a new kondam .
Can You Reuse a Condom After First Use?
Many think that condoms can be washed and reused after first use but this is very unsafe and wrong.
After use, condoms develop weaknesses, tears or get damaged which increases chance of breakage and infections on subsequent reuse. So a new condom is a must every time you have sex.
Do Daily Condoms Use Have Side Effects?
No, there are no side effects of using condoms daily. If you are having regular sex with your partner, you should use kondam daily for protection.
However prolonged use can cause allergies in some people. So the condom should be removed immediately after ejaculation. No serious side effects occur with regular use.
Is Condom Use in Young Age Appropriate?
Doctors recommend starting condoms only after 18 years of age since genital development is still underway before that.
Use at young age increases risks of irritation and infection. However, condoms should certainly be used if necessary for protection irrespective of age.
Can Condoms Be Used Only for Anal Sex?
Yes, kondam can and should be used for anal sex as well. The risk of STD transmission through anal sex is higher as the delicate skin is prone to tearing. So condoms are crucial for safety during anal sex.
Don’t use oil-based lubes, only water-based lube. Change condoms before penetration if oral sex occurred.
Is a Condom Enough for Birth Control?
No, just using condoms for birth control is not enough. To be fully protected from STDs as well, condoms must be used properly and consistently.
If you are using kondam only for contraception, consider additional precautions like oral pills. Because condoms do fail in about 2% cases leading to pregnancy.
So always use condoms for full safety – they protect against both pregnancy and STDs when used correctly.
FAQs Related to Condoms
1. What is a condom?
A condom is a protective rubber cover worn on the penis during sex to prevent pregnancy and STDs. Condoms also contain spermicide to kill sperm.
2. What is a condom made of?
Condoms are usually made from latex rubber. It provides stretchiness for a good fit. Those allergic to latex can use polyurethane kondam .
3. What are the different types of condoms?
Many types are available like ribbed, dotted, flavored, thin, lambskin, female condoms etc. Each serves a specific purpose like extra stimulation or comfort.
4. How to use a condom?
Use a new condom every time. Roll it properly onto the erect penis for a snug fit. Don’t use oil lubes, water-based are best.
5. What are the benefits of condoms?
kondam prevent both pregnancy and STIs when used correctly. Low risk, easily available, no side effects and satisfying for both partners.
6. How to find the right condom size?
Measure your and your partner’s size. Choose from small, medium, large and extra-large so that the condom fits well and does not slip.
7. What are symptoms of condom allergy?
Allergy can cause rashes, itching, irritation and swelling. Stop use and try polyurethane condoms. Consult a doctor.
8. How long can you wear a condom?
Only wear during intercourse, remove immediately after. Don’t keep longer than 30 minutes. Prolonged use causes friction and irritation.
9. How many times can you use a condom?
Use a new condom every time. Never reuse a kondam after first use. It greatly increases risks.