Sunday, February 25, 2024

What is Teratozoospermia?

Teratozoospermia is a condition where the sperm are not completely normal. There is a high percentage of abnormally shaped sperm. It can be a cause of male infertility. To understand teratozoospermia, it’s important to first comprehend the process of spermatogenesis.

What is Spermatogenesis?

Spermatogenesis is the process where sperm are produced in the testes. It occurs in three main steps:

  1. Spermatocytogenesis – Spermatogonia cells divide by mitosis to become spermatocytes.
  2. Meiosis – Spermatocytes divide by meiosis to become spermatids.
  3. Spermiogenesis – Spermatids transform into spherical sperm.

If there is any problem in these steps, it can lead to abnormal sperm.

How Does Teratozoospermia Occur?


Teratozoospermia occurs when something goes wrong during spermiogenesis and the sperm are not formed into proper shape and size. Some common defects are:

  • Two heads or tails
  • Too large or small head
  • Bent or coiled tail
  • Irregular shape

There can be many other abnormalities that cause defects in sperm shape and size.

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Diagnosis of Teratozoospermia

Teratozoospermia is diagnosed by a semen analysis test. The following factors are analyzed:

  • Sperm morphology – The shape and structure of sperm are observed under a microscope. If more than 96% of sperm appear abnormal, teratozoospermia is diagnosed.
  • Sperm motility – The movement of the sperm is checked. Low motility can also indicate teratozoospermia.
  • Sperm count – The number of abnormal sperm is noted.

By checking these parameters, teratozoospermia can be identified.

Causes of Teratozoospermia

There can be several causes for teratozoospermia:

  • Genetic factors – Genetic disorders like Klinefelter syndrome can increase infertility risks.
  • Infections – STDs like chlamydia and gonorrhea may lead to teratozoospermia.
  • Varicocele – Swelling of blood vessels in the testes affects spermatogenesis.
  • Lifestyle – Smoking, alcohol and drugs are risk factors.
  • Chemotherapy or radiation therapy can also cause it.
  • Side effects of certain medications can make sperm abnormal.

Other reasons like hormonal imbalance, heat exposure etc may also lead to teratozoospermia.

Symptoms of Teratozoospermia

There are no specific symptoms of teratozoospermia. It is often detected when male infertility is evaluated. Some general symptoms are:

  • Difficulty in conception
  • Inability to get pregnant after at least 1 year of trying
  • Normal test results in female partner but still no pregnancy

If you notice these symptoms, get a semen analysis test done. The report will confirm if there is teratozoospermia.

Tests for Teratozoospermia

A semen analysis test is done to diagnose teratozoospermia. The following are analyzed:

  • Sperm count – The total number of sperm in the semen sample
  • Sperm morphology – Shape and size of the sperm
  • Sperm motility – Movement of the sperm

Abnormalities like double tail, small head etc are also observed. Based on these parameters, teratozoospermia is diagnosed.

Effects of Teratozoospermia

Teratozoospermia is the most common cause of male infertility. Some effects are:

  • Delayed conception – Abnormal sperm cannot lead to conception. This causes delays in getting pregnant.
  • Higher miscarriage risk – Pregnancies with abnormal sperm have increased chances of miscarriage.
  • Birth defects – There are higher risks of anomalies in the baby.
  • Failed IVF cycles – Teratozoospermia decreases IVF success rates.

Thus, it should be treated as soon as possible.

Treatment for Teratozoospermia


Teratozoospermia can be treated. You can try these methods:

  • Healthy lifestyle – Avoid smoking, alcohol and drugs. Reduce stress with yoga and meditation.
  • Diet – Eat a diet rich in proteins, vitamins and antioxidants. Include soybeans, nuts and eggs.
  • Ayurvedic medicine – Herbs like Shilajit and Ashwagandha improve shukra dhatu.
  • Varicocele repair – Get varicocele treated if present.
  • Antibiotics – Infections may require antibiotic treatment.
  • ART – Assisted reproductive techniques like IUI and IVF can overcome sperm abnormalities.
  • Online Ayurvedic consultation – Kapeefit doctors provide customized ayurvedic remedies and home treatment for teratozoospermia.

With proper care and treatment, teratozoospermia can be cured and male fertility restored.

10 FAQs on Teratozoospermia

What is teratozoospermia?

Teratozoospermia is a condition where the shape and size of sperm are abnormal. There are defects in the head, midpiece or tail of sperm.

What are the types of teratozoospermia?

There are two types – Isolated teratozoospermia where only morphology is affected and oligoasthenoteratozoospermia where morphology, motility and count are also low.

What are the symptoms of teratozoospermia?

There are no specific symptoms of teratozoospermia. Inability to conceive repeatedly should raise suspicion.

What causes teratozoospermia?

Various factors like genetics, infections, lifestyle, environment etc can lead to teratozoospermia.

How is teratozoospermia diagnosed?

Teratozoospermia is diagnosed by a semen analysis test which checks sperm count, motility and morphology.

How is teratozoospermia treated?

Teratozoospermia can be treated through healthy lifestyle, balanced diet, ayurvedic medicine, antibiotics etc. Kapeefit provides ayurvedic solutions.

Can teratozoospermia be completely cured?

Yes, complete treatment of teratozoospermia is possible if proper treatment is given at the right time. As symptoms improve, motility and morphology get better.

Is teratozoospermia dangerous for IVF?

Yes, teratozoospermia reduces IVF success rates. But techniques like ICSI can help by directly injecting sperm.

Can teratozoospermia recur?

Yes, if it keeps coming back, the underlying causes like infection, lifestyle factors, diet should be corrected to prevent recurrence. Proper care and timely treatment prevents it from recurring.

Do patients with teratozoospermia have trouble conceiving?

Yes, abnormal sperm makes natural conception very difficult. Thus, teratozoospermia affects male fertility and causes delays in having a baby.


Teratozoospermia is a common infertility problem but can be treated with proper diagnosis and care. Take care of your health, live a healthy lifestyle and consult an online doctor for any concerns. You can become fertile again!



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